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ELQUI GLOBAL ENERGY

 

CACTUS GREEN BIOFUEL

 

 

Table 1: Energy equivalence

 

Table 2: Comparative nopal, wind and photovoltaic energy

 

Table 3: Comparative table of biogas processes of nopal v/s manure of pork and cow

 

 

alternatives use of nopal

 

The nopal as a raw material has applications both for animal and human food, as well as in the production of energy. Its extensive international distribution allows its cultivation from the south of the USA to places as remote as Cape Town in South Africa. The low water requirements and its easy multiplication make it the ideal raw material for bioenergy projects in marginal areas

 

In low-income countries such as Nigeria, Angola, mainly Africans, it is an alternative for energy and food production in degraded soils.

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOPAL ALTERNATIVE SUMMARY TABLE

 

 

Energy (Biogas electricity)

Nopalitos in brine or vinegar

Nopal for animal feed

Nopal poder /flour

Equipment and machinery

Available mostly in local market. Some equipment must be imported

Available in the local market mostly. Autoclaves must be imported.

Available in local market

Available in the local market

Investment

Half

Middle-low

Low, establishment of pens and drinking fountains (water intake)

Media, drying equipment

Technology

Media, known technology

Low, simple systems to operate

Low

Known and widely used

Employment generation

Half

High, labor is required for harvesting and manual processing

Medium low, a single operator can handle many animals.

High, labor is required for harvesting and manual processing

Labor qualification

Low, basically in crops and average in plant process.

Media, you can train staff

Low, personal training

Media, you can train staff

Implementation

24 months for full production

12 - 18 months for the first cut

12 months first cut

18 months

US profitability / hectare

20.000

25,000

-------

40,000

Development capacity

Very high

Very high

High, limited to land availability and management

Very high for animal feed

Production

All year

All year

All year

All year

Barriers

Legislation non-existent for this type of products

Marketing not developed

Requires intensive breeding

Marketing not developed

 

 

Table biogas energy compared with cactus 

 

Product

Sell / Unid

Density kg./l

Calorific Power Kcal. / kg.

1 m3 of biogas  equals to:

Coal

Kg.

7.000

1.25 kg.

Charcoal

Kg.

7.000

1.25 kg.

Diesel oil

Litro

0,84

10.900

0.80 l

Benzine

Litro

0,73

11.200

0.78 l

Paraffin

Litro

0,81

11.100

0.79 l

Liquiefied gas

kg.

0,55

12.100

0.73 kg.

Firewood

kg.

3.500

2.5 kg.

City gas

m3

9.600

0.92 m3

 

 

ENERGY COMPARISON

 

Why use nopal?.

 

The cactus has excellent molecular characteristics which allows to deliver a large amount of biogas in a very short time, in comparative terms for the same volume of biogas nopal degrades 10-15 times faster than animal manure, it allows a single computer is 10 to 15 times more productive. Also it not produces hydrogen sulfide which when burned in contact with air becomes sulfur oxides.

 

What is the yield per hectare?

 

Cactus is an extraordinary plant with a modern irrigation, two or three crops per year, can deliver continuously from 800 to 1,200 tons of biomass / year, in terms of energy equivalent to 35 kw / ha x 24 hx 365 days.

 

What is the cost of a standard project?

 

Assuming there is water and the land is suitable for development of nopal. For a project of 1 MW has cost some US1.500.000 including plantations, equipment, etc. facilities assessment, the payback assuming a value of power sale dollars US80 / MWh would be within 2 years. 

 

 

 

 

ADVANTAGES OF CACTUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

      

 

Padre Mariano 391, Providencia. Santiago, Chile,

Phone / Whatsapp : 56 9 4232 2570

Email: contact@elquiglobalenergy.com

www.elquiglobalenergy.com