Establish energy farms for the production of biogas and electricity with cactus. (opuntia)
Elqui Global Energy has been advising the public and private companies present in South Africa, Colombia, Argentina, India, Spain, Chile and Mexico with developed or developing projects.
Cactus biogas represents an alternative for countries in arid areas where other crops are not possible. Ideal raw material for bioenergy projects in marginal areas
Alternatives for using nopal (Cactus)
Adventages of cactus.
Continuous power generation 24 X 365 days. Production of biogas and electricity. No sulfur oxides or particulate. Low maintenance. Overall plant efficiency 80-90% Generates soil, organic fertilizers. Change the microclimate retaining water in the soil. Extracts carbon dioxide atmosphere. Lifespan 20 years. Allows the sale of carbon credits. Totally organic process Fast implementation of project Generates permanent jobs for sowing harvest, and process plants. Allows the opening of new markets to be considered a green company that cares.
Its water content is high, about 90%, likewise, it contains minerals among which we find calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium and small amounts of iron, aluminum, among others. It contains fibers, vitamins A, C, K, B1, B2, B3 and B6 and chlorophyll. It can be prepared roasted, in salads, as well as in brine, vinegar and other preparations. The cactus can be dehydrated and produce flour for the preparation of tortillas and baked goods.
Foliage can be used as the main food for goats, sheep and rabbits, and as a food supplement, instead of concentrates, for dairy cattle, and as an ingredient for feeding monogastric animals, such as pigs. Direct feed can be used in situ, with cattle or goats that feed directly from the plant or can be cut into pieces and made rations in pens. Likewise, nopal flour can be obtained for storage and subsequent administration in winter rations or for sale in the wholesale market.
Applied to prickly pear, it allows to obtain two products, humus and earthworm flour, both of excellent quality and considerable volume. Normally there is a resistance to using worms as food or the production of flours because they are used in agricultural waste, however, the nopal allows through a crop of a vegetable to obtain products without the negative microbial load associated with the treatment of waste, They are worms fed with vegetables, so a homogeneous product is obtained. The applications of the flour are in feeding of chickens, farmed fish, goats, pigs and industrial animals as a complement to rations.
Cultivation of biomass for the production of biogas, is exclusive to the cactus, biogas plants in the world normally use agricultural or industrial waste, sewage or similar. The design of processes to produce energy through cultivation and transformation is usually not viable without subsidies, this occurs with ethanol in the USA or biogas in Europe. This problem does not occur with the prickly pear cactus, which is profitable and competitive with other renewable sources such as panels and wind farms. The great advantage is to supply energy 24 hours and its production can be regulated with it adapts to the demand. The conversion of biogas into electricity uses equipment similar to those required by natural gas.
In the most important benefits we can indicate the generation of permanent jobs in remote areas of Africa or marginal areas and green or carbon bonds, will allow, by themselves, the financing of large-scale plantations, Our systems are organic crops, plants of process with recyclable materials, we are committed to sustainable development. Prickly pear cactus crops multiply life in deserts. The biggest impact is in the replacement of fossil fuels.