Nowadays there is a structural change in the
global energy matrix, the world has become aware of environmental problems and
the oil is running out. Although there are unexploded energy sources, their
cost of extraction is so high that their extraction is not feasible.
Biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel are only profitable to the extent that
subsidies exist for their use or production, not constituting a real
alternative for the current replacement of oil.
The production of cactus biomass has not been considered as a solution crop
........ until now.
Crops such as the cactus, in high yield deliver more biomass per hectare than
any other crop, are a low-requirement crop that can be implemented in areas
such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Morocco, and others in conflict as an
alternative to generate wealth for the fed animal and for the production of
The world is reaching its limit in the amount of food that the seas and
customary crops can generate, the available areas are deserts in which there
have been no profitable technologies or crops to implement, along with the
limited water available, are very few crops that resist these conditions.
Although the cactus production is a cultivation of arid zones by excellence,
the developed varieties allow us to plant in areas of high rainfall as 1,200
mm per year and temperatures from -15 ° C to 40 ° C.
The production of large-scale nopales not only produces energy at low cost, it
allows for reforestation, carbon dioxide fixation, as well as being
environmentally sustainable and from the social point of view, poor peasants
are incorporated into the virtuous cycle of productive generation.
Rodrigo Wayland Morales